By now, most people are aware of the dangers of drunk driving. Decades of public health campaigns have educated the public and discouraged driving under the influence. (Remember “Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over”?)
But what about having one drink, like a glass of wine or a beer? If you’re below the legal limit, can you still get an OVI?
Keep reading to find out.
What’s Considered Driving under the Influence in Ohio
Ohio considers a number of things to be “operating a vehicle under the influence” (OVI). They are:
- Having a blood alcohol content (BAC) of .08 or
- a BAC of .02 if you are under age 21.
- Having a certain amount of illegal drug (like amphetamine, cocaine, heroin, LSD, marijuana, methamphetamine, or PCP) in the body.
- Being impaired by drugs or alcohol (or a combination of both) so that “it adversely affected and appreciably impaired [your] actions, reaction, or mental processes.”
Having a BAC of .08 is considered a “per se” OVI. This means that the BAC alone is enough to prove that you committed the crime. Law enforcement does not need any other evidence (like swerving in your lane, etc.) to prove that your driving was impaired.
Similarly, having a BAC of .02 if you are under 21 is a per se OVI. That’s because minors aren’t permitted to drink at all.
Testing positive for any illegal drugs is also considered to be operating a vehicle under the influence. (That’s because, well, the drugs are illegal.)
The first three situations are fairly cut and dry: if you have a BAC of .08 (if over 21) or .02 (if under 21) or illegal drugs in your system, it’s very likely you’ll be charged with an OVI in Ohio.
However, that doesn’t mean that if you have a BAC below .08 (or .02), you won’t be charged with a crime.
When You Can Have a BAC under the Limit, but Still Face Penalties
There are a few situations in which you can have a BAC under the legal limit and yet still be charged with an OVI.
Let’s talk about a few examples using hypothetical scenarios.
If your BAC is quite close to the legal limit, the prosecuting attorney might argue that your BAC was over the legal limit at the time you were driving. He or she might argue that your BAC dropped just under the limit between the time you were pulled over and the time you submitted a chemical test.
Further, even if your BAC isn’t close to the legal limit, you might get an OVI if the officer believes alcohol and/or drugs “adversely affected and appreciably impaired” your driving ability.
That’s because this reasoning is very subjective and depends on the officer’s perspective. Let’s say you do one of the following:
- Drift or swerve in your lane
- Brake suddenly or at random
- Nearly hit another car or obstacle
- Fail to turn on your headlights at night
- Turn suddenly or poorly
- Drive much slower or faster than the speed limit
- Tailgate other cars
- Take a long time to respond to traffic signals (green arrows, green lights, etc.)
- Hit (or are hit by) another car
A police officer may respond by pulling you over or responding to the scene of the accident. If he or she suspects that you’ve been drinking, the officer will investigate—asking questions, requesting field sobriety tests, and asking you to take the Breathalyzer.
If a Breathalyzer or chemical test reveals that you had been drinking—even if your BAC was below .08—the officer can argue that the alcohol impaired your driving.
In fact, even if your BAC is zero, you can still be charged with an OVI. This can happen if you, for example, admit to an officer that you used legal drugs (even prescription ones) that cause drowsiness. (We talk about how legal drug use can lead to an OVI here.)
What to Do after an OVI Arrest
If you’ve been arrested and charged with operating a vehicle under the influence, it helps to speak with an experienced, knowledgeable OVI lawyer about your options. A qualified lawyer will be able to answer your questions based upon the specifics of your case.
Impairment OVI cases are more difficult than a per se OVI to prove, as they require the prosecution to show that your driving and behavior demonstrated impairment. You may be able to fight your charges.
If your BAC is lower than the legal limit, it may also be possible to plead down to lesser charges, such as reckless driving. These charges carry penalties that are less harsh than the penalties that come with conviction of OVI.
Casper & Casper is here to help you minimize or avoid the damage of conviction. To get started, call us today and schedule a free consultation with an OVI attorney. We have offices in Cincinnati, Dayton, Hamilton, and Middletown.